A Decade-Long Study on Impact, Recovery, and Resilience in Louisiana Salt Marshes: The Evolution of the Oil Transformation Compounds and Plant-Soil-Microbial Responses to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill


Project Overview

Implementing Organization
Florida State University

DWH Project Funding

0

Known Leveraged Funding

0

Funding Organization

Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI)

Funding Program

Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI) Grant Program

Project Location: Multiple States

Funding Source: BP
Controlling Document: GOMRI Master Research Agreement
Year Awarded: 2017

Project Details

Project Category

Project Actions

Environmental Research Oil System Safety Research

Targeted Resources

Wetlands / Marshes / Estuaries Human and/or Institutional Capacity

Project Description

The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill exposed the nationis largest and most productive wetland-estuary, the Mississippi River Delta coastal wetland ecosystem, to an unprecedented level of oil contamination and potential damage. The coastal marshes support a host of environmental and economic services that depend on a healthy, well-functioning plant-soil-microbial complex to drive the food web base. For 7 years, the PIis team has monitored the effects of the DWH oil spill in Louisiana salt marshes through 16 field-based data collections that quantify the impacts and recovery of a broad array of flora, fauna and microbes. Continuation of this research in heavily-oiled shorelines where marsh plants that serve as foundation species suffered severe mortality is critical to assessment of coastal marsh recovery, which to-date is incomplete, and to a better understanding of marsh resiliency to oil contamination. This proposal will (1) document and catalogue the decade-long impact of DWH oil on the coastal marsh plant-soil-microbial complex; (2) quantify rates and controls of long-term recovery; (3) catalogue oil transformation compounds detected in oiled salt marsh sediments up to 10 years after the spill and determine their toxicity; and (4) identify potential correlation between vegetation, microbes and transformed oil compounds in oiled salt marshes.

Project Contact

Project Partners

None

Affiliated Institutions

Louisiana State University


Project ID: 1040
Project Name: A Decade-Long Study on Impact, Recovery, and Resilience in Louisiana Salt Marshes: The Evolution of the Oil Transformation Compounds and Plant-Soil-Microbial Responses to the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill
SourceUID: 311
Latitude: 0
Longitude: 0
Country: United States of America
State or Province: FL, LA
County: Unknown Multiple Counties,
Project Category: Science
Project Action: Environmental Research
Additional Project Action(s): Oil System Safety Research
Additional Project Action(s):
Targeted Resource(s): Wetlands / Marshes / Estuaries
Targeted Resource(s): Human and/or Institutional Capacity
Targeted Resource(s):
Anticipated Project Completion Year: 2019
Implementing Organization: Florida State University
Implementing Organization Type: Academic
Point of Contact – Name: Aixin Hou
Point of Contact – Phone: ahou@lsu.edu
Point of Contact – Email: None
Other Partners: None
Affiliated Institutions: Louisiana State University
Link: http://research.gulfresearchinitiative.org/research-awards/projects/?pid=311
Project Comments: None
Acres Acquired: 0
Close Year: 0
Close Month: 0
Close day: 0
Purchase Type: None
Landowner: None
Landowner Type: None
Purpose: None
Public Access: None
Easement Holder Name : None
Easement Holder Type: None
Secondary Easement Holder 1: None
Secondary Easement Holder 2: None
Duration: None
Term: 0
Land Restoration Acreage: 0
Aquatic Restoration Acreage: 0
Restoration Mileage: 0
Restoration Feet: 0
Additional Acreage: None
Total Dollar Amount (from all funders): 596256
DWH Funder: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI)
DWH Funder Type: Private
DWH Funding Program: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI) Grant Program
DWH Dollar Amount : 596256
DWH Source: BP
Fund Origin: Voluntary Agreement
Controlling Documents: GOMRI Master Research Agreement
Award Year: 2017
Award Month: 9
Total Amount Leveraged: 0