Assessing Toxicity of Oil Weathered on the Sea Surface: The Importance of Oil Photo-Products


Project Overview

Implementing Organization
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences

DWH Project Funding

0

Known Leveraged Funding

0

Funding Organization

The National Academies of Sciences - Gulf Research Program (NAS - GRP)

Funding Program

NAS Gulf Research Program - Research-Practice Grant

Project Location: Maine

Funding Source: BP and Transocean
Controlling Document: Guilty Plea Agreement between BP and U.S. Department of Justice, Guilty Plea Agreement between Transocean and U.S. Department of Justice
Year Awarded: 2018

Project Details

Project Category

Project Actions

Chemical Aspects Research

Targeted Resources

Petroleum

Project Description

Oil “photo-products” are formed at the water surface in large quantities in the early phase of an oil spill by the interaction of floating oil with sunlight. Although these products are persistent and potentially toxic, there is significant uncertainty about translating their environmental concentration to potential toxic effects. Currently, there is insufficient information to account for these products when assessing fishery closures or public health risk, or evaluating the impacts of an oil spill. Instead, practitioners typically focus on the concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a small fraction of photo-oxidized oil. In fact, there is emerging evidence that PAHs alone fail to explain toxic effects of such oil residues. This proposed project aims to improve the current practice of oil spill risk and damage assessment by producing quantitative data for the formation, exposure, and toxicity of oil photo-products, and by integrating this information into algorithms that can be used for oil spill risk assessment This project will test the hypothesis that oil photo-products lead to significant health risks and organism injury.

Project Contact

Project Partners

None

Affiliated Institutions

None


Project ID: 745
Project Name: Assessing Toxicity of Oil Weathered on the Sea Surface: The Importance of Oil Photo-Products
SourceUID: 0
Latitude: 43.859727
Longitude: -69.580115
Country: United States of America
State or Province: Maine
County:
Project Category: Science
Project Action: Chemical Aspects Research
Additional Project Action(s):
Additional Project Action(s):
Targeted Resource(s): Petroleum
Targeted Resource(s):
Targeted Resource(s):
Anticipated Project Completion Year: 0
Implementing Organization: Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences
Implementing Organization Type: Non-Governmental Organization
Point of Contact – Name: Christoph Aeppli
Point of Contact – Phone: caeppli@bigelow.org
Point of Contact – Email: None
Other Partners: None
Affiliated Institutions: None
Link: https://nationalacademies.org/gulf/grants/funded-projects/index.htm
Project Comments: None
Acres Acquired: 0
Close Year: 0
Close Month: 0
Close day: 0
Purchase Type: None
Landowner: None
Landowner Type: None
Purpose: 0
Public Access: None
Easement Holder Name : None
Easement Holder Type: None
Secondary Easement Holder 1: None
Secondary Easement Holder 2: None
Duration: None
Term: 0
Land Restoration Acreage: 0
Aquatic Restoration Acreage: 0
Restoration Mileage: 0
Restoration Feet: 0
Additional Acreage: 0
Total Dollar Amount (from all funders): 992416
DWH Funder: The National Academies of Sciences – Gulf Research Program (NAS – GRP)
DWH Funder Type: Private
DWH Funding Program: NAS Gulf Research Program – Research-Practice Grant
DWH Dollar Amount : 992416
DWH Source: BP and Transocean
Fund Origin: Criminal Settlement
Controlling Documents: Guilty Plea Agreement between BP and U.S. Department of Justice, Guilty Plea Agreement between Transocean and U.S. Department of Justice
Award Year: 2018
Award Month: 1
Total Amount Leveraged: 0
Completeness: C